Refugees and Results of Invasion

Following its invasion and military occupation of the northern part of the island Turkey forcibly expelled from their homes more than 162.000 Greek Cypriots. These include the 20.000 enclaved people who remained in the occupied areas after invasion but who over the years have been forced to abandon their homes and seek refuge in the government-controlled areas. The displaced people, who in effect became refugees in their own country, constituted about 70% of the population of the occupied areas and about one quarter of the total population of the island.

Greek Cypriot owners of property in the occupied areas are still being denied access to and control, use andenjoyment of their property as well as any compensation for the interference with their property rights. A large proportion of the properties from which Greek Cypriot owners were expelled, was unlawfully distributed to and is currently being used y the tens of thousands of Turkish settlers illegally brought into the occupied area by Turkey to change the demographic structure of Cyprus.

Moreover, unprecedented illegal construction is taking place on land which belongs to Greek Cypriots who were forced to abandon the occupied areas during the invasion by Turkey. These houses are then being sold to British and other European citizens. In addition to the government of Cyprus, the governments of several other countries have issued special advisories with regard to property transactions in occupied Cyprus. These warnings alert prospective customers to potential serious legal and financial consequences resulting from involvement in property development, sales, rent or other transactions of properties that belong to displaced Greek Cypriots. Among countries that have issued such warnings so far are: the United States of America, the United Kingdom, the Russian Federation, France, Spain, Hungary and Canada.

The European Court of Human Rights found Turkey had violated relevant articles of the Convention for refusing to allow the return of any Greek Cypriot refugees to their homes and for denying them access to and use of their property. The General Assembly, the Security Council and the Commission of Human Rights of the United Nations as well as the European Parliament, the Council of Europe, the Commonwealth, the Non-Aligned Movement and other international organisations have demanded the urgent return of the refugees to their homes in safety.

Turkey has been refusing to comply with these resolutions thereby flagrantly violating the basic human rights and fundamental freedoms of the Greek Cypriots, including the freedom of movement, the freedom of settlement and ownership.

Loss of Resources as a result of Turkey’s invasion

70% of the gross output
65% of the tourist accommodation capacity
87% of hotel beds under construction
83% of the general cargo handling capacity (Famagusta port)
56% of mining and quarrying output
41% of livestock production
48% of agricultural exports
46% of industrial production
20% of state forests
36,2% of housing stock
38,3% of school buildings