The consequences of Turkey’s military invasion of Cyprus in 1974 constitute, to this day, a sore point in the contemporary history of the island: The military occupation, the forcible division, the violation of human rights, the massive colonization, the cultural destruction, the property usurpation and ethnic segregation imposed since Turkey’s military invasion remain the main characteristics of the status quo on the island. [Read more…]

There is no “embargo” against the Turkish Cypriots

The claim by the Turkish side that the Republic of Cyprus has imposed an economic ban, the so-called “embargo”, upon the Turkish Cypriot community living in occupied Cyprus, is imaginary and groundless. The authorities of the Cyprus Republic do not possess the means neither to impose a naval ban nor to force aircrafts, carrying passengers and goods to the occupied areas, to land at Larnaca airport. [Read more…]

Illegal Exploitation of Greek Cypriot properties by Turkey in occupied areas

The northern area of the Republic of Cyprus, under military occupation by Turkey since 1974, has been experiencing an unprecedented construction and “property sale” boom. The vast majority of the properties affected by this boom are owned by Greek Cypriots who were forcibly expelled from their homes due to the Turkish invasion. These displaced people are to this day prevented by the Turkish Armed Forces from returning and repossessing their homes and properties. A recent development is that the occupied area has become a haven for corrupt and unscrupulous businessmen out to make a quick profit from the illegal “sale” of Greek Cypriot property. [Read more…]

Turkey did not have a right of intervention in Cyprus

Turkey claims that, according to the Treaty of Guarantee of 1960, it had the right to intervene militarily in Cyprus to restore the constitutional order, which was disturbed by the coup d’etat conducted by the Greek junta against President Makarios, on 15 July 1974.

Article Four of the Treaty of Guarantee states: “In the event of a breach of the provisions of the present Treaty, Greece, Turkey and the United Kingdom undertake to consult together with respect to the representations or measures necessary to ensure observance of those provisions. In so far as common or concerted action may not prove possible, each of the three guaranteeing Powers reserves the right to take action with the sole aim of re-establishing the state of affairs created by the present Treaty.[Read more…]

Unacceptable situation

Turkey’s military aggression against Cyprus tragically continues unabated for thirty-three long years. The military occupation, forcible division, violation of human rights, massive colonization, cultural destruction, property usurpation and ethnic segregation imposed since Turkey’s military invasion remain the main characteristics of the status quo on the island. Today, Turkey, an aspiring member of the European Union, still stands guilty of international aggression against a member-state of the EU and the UN. This is certainly a totally unacceptable state of affairs, an affront to the international legal order and an ongoing threat to regional stability that must be urgently redressed. [Read more…]

Turkish illegal restrictive measures against Cyprus and European Union Shipping

I / Introduction

1. The Turkish restrictive measures were originally introduced in April 1987 and concerned exclusively the prohibition of Cyprus flag vessels to call Turkish ports. At that time, the Turkish Authorities justified the said measures as a counteraction to the adoption by the Republic of Cyprus in October 1974 of a lawful Order proclaiming the ports situated in the occupied north part of Cyprus as closed ports to the international navigation (the ports of Famagusta, Karavostasi and Kyrenia are declared closed to all vessels). [Read more…]

Destruction of Cultural Heritage

The Cypriot and foreign press, as well as the testimonies given to the authorities of the Republic by various sources, prove that more than 500 Greek Orthodox churches and chapels and 17 monasteries that are located in towns and villages of the occupied part of our island have been pillaged, deliberately vandalised and/or torn down. The current location of their ecclesiastical furnishings and items (which include more than 15.000 portable icons) remains unknown to this day. The most significant and priceless of these icons have already been auctioned off and sold by art dealers abroad. [Read more…]

Turkish Colonisation

Since its 1974 invasion and subsequent occupation of 36,2% of the territory of the Republic of Cyprus, Turkey has maintained a policy of bringing in thousands of Anatolian colonists to settle in the occupied area, thus changing the demographic character of the island. Occupation, colonisation and expulsion of the local Greek Cypriot population are all part of Turkey’s long-standing expansionist policy. Turkey’s aim is to cede and assimilate the part of Cyprus it occupies and ultimately to annex it. [Read more…]

Enclaved Persons

In the aftermath of the Turkish invasion in 1974, about 20,000 people – mainly Greek Cypriots including just over a thousand Maronites – found themselves cut off behind enemy lines in their villages in the north-eastern Karpass peninsula and in the Maronite villages west of Kyrenia town. [Read more…]

Missing Persons

As a result of the Turkish invasion of Cyprus, the tragic humanitarian problem of the missing persons emerged. Some 1.474 persons, both military personnel as well as civilians including women and children, were either captured by the invading Turkish armed forces during July and August of 1974, or disappeared long after the cessation of hostilities in the areas under the control of the Turkish army. Their whereabouts are unknown ever since. [Read more…]

Refugees and Results of Invasion

Following its invasion and military occupation of the northern part of the island Turkey forcibly expelled from their homes more than 162.000 Greek Cypriots. These include the 20.000 enclaved people who remained in the occupied areas after invasion but who over the years have been forced to abandon their homes and seek refuge in the government-controlled areas. The displaced people, who in effect became refugees in their own country, constituted about 70% of the population of the occupied areas and about one quarter of the total population of the island. [Read more…]

Foreign Press

The New York Times

“Since then the Turkish side has been pursuing total separation of the communities. Last year all ethnic Turks were allowed to go north in exchange for promises that the ethnic Greeks in the Turkish area would be given free movement, better schools and more medical care. In addition, the Turkish side promised to allow the United Nations to set up posts in the north and provide the Greeks with moral and material support. [Read more…]

Destruction of the cultural identity of the occupied area

In July 20, 1974 Turkey undertakes a military invasion of Cyprus which has as a consequence extensive destruction. On August 14 the Turkish plan was completed with the second assault that culminated with the occupation of 37% of Cyprus. The Turkish troops destroyed every hope that the end of the Second World War would mean the phasing out of the horror of war from Europe. Even worse, the extent of the destruction, the barbarity and plundering which has been continuing for many years now, are reminiscent of the dark days of the Middle Ages. The misdeeds of the Turkish Attila are very similar to the works of peril and destruction of the notorious king of the Huns. [Read more…]

Brief Overview of the Cyprus Problem

Cyprus is a small island in the eastern part of the Mediterranean sea. It has about the same size as the state of Connecticut with 660,000 inhabitants. The population of the island, according to the US State Department consists of: Greek-Cypriots 78%, Turkish-Cypriots 18%, Armenian, Maronite and Latin-Cypriots 4%. [Read more…]